Cable drums or reels are round, drum-shaped objects used to carry different types of wire products such as electric cables and fibre optic cables. They are available in wood, plastic, plywood and steel, each with different applications. In order to secure the cable drum and the wire it is carrying, the drum should be carefully handled. It is important to know the proper way to transport and store it. Improper handling can easily cause both visible and invincible damages to the drum and the cable wound over it which can make the cable unusable.
1. Always check the drums for any damage, wear or rot before transport.
2. Always refer to the manufacturer's guidelines regarding any special requirements for transport and storage including proper temperature range.
3. Only lift a cable drum with a forklift from the "flange side" or the full width of the drum.
4. Never let the fork touch either the cable or its cover. When lifting, the fork can only support both flanges, not the cable itself.
5. If you're lifting a drum using a crane, use a spreader beam or an axle spreader to avoid putting lateral pressure on the flanges.
6. Use suitable devices for loading and unloading drums.
7. Never drop drums from a truck, container or ramp.
8. Drums should always be in an upright position during transport.
9. Never lay drum on flanges nor pile them up.
10. Secure drums from rolling away.
11. Only transport using suitable vehicles and must be properly fixed to avoid shifting during transport.
12. Always check the screws holding the flanges. Make sure that they are tight enough before moving the drums.
13. During hot and dry weather conditions, tighten the screws as necessary to compensate for any wood shrinkage. Do this with a torque wrench.
14. Make sure that the drums are labelled properly for easy identification including cable type, batch no., length and other important info.
15. Mark the drum with the right roll direction.
16. Check the drums before moving them. Check for nails that may have shifted out from the flange's inner side. Remove it before rolling the drum.
17. Cables that are intended for indoor use should only be stored indoors.
18. Cables for outdoor applications may be stored outside.
19. Store in the allowed temperature range.
20. Protect the cables with proper protection package such as lagging, cardboard, Lamiflex, etc.
21. Do not store cables that exceed the maximum temperature range. Avoid putting cables in direct sunlight exposure. You can use a dark foil and/or store the cable in a shaded area.
22. Fix cable ends on the drum to avoid getting loose upon, handling, storage or transport.
23. Seal cable ends with caps to protect from moisture or ingress of water.
24. Make sure that the drum is stored in an upright position and standing on the flanges not lying.
25. Place the drums on stable, even, well-drained ground surface to avoid flanges from sinking in.
26. Protect the drums from rolling away.
27. Always use sturdy cable drum frames to make sure that both the drum and the cable are secure.
To find out more about sturdy cable drum frames, visit the TCG website or click on the given link.