Your teeth are a vital part of the mouth as they not only allow you to eat and speak properly, but they enable you to have a great smile. Tooth decay is very common and happens when the bacteria which is present in the mouth accumulates on the teeth and then forms a sticky substance known as plaque.
As we have our meals, the bacteria produce acid which dissolve the protective layer on your teeth. The acid removes minerals from the enamel and then goes ahead to break down the enamel. The decay further travels down to the dentin until it reaches the pulp or nerve of the tooth. Once the nerve becomes inflamed, your dentist may recommend that you undergo root canal therapy.
About Root Canal Therapy
Root canal therapy is used in the treatment of a pulp that is infected or inflamed. The infection can be caused by a tooth decay which is very deep, a tooth that is cracked or one that has undergone repeated dental procedures like fillings. The pulp chamber is found inside the tooth and it consists of the root canal system and the pulp.
The pulp is a living tissue which enables the tooth to remain alive, and is made up of connective tissues, nerves and blood vessels. The pulp is important in children since it is the one that produces the hard tissues that surround the tooth. Root canal therapy can also be recommended when gum disease causes problems in the root canal.
Once the pulp gets infected, it becomes severely inflamed and the area around your tooth will swell causing you to experience pain. The pulp then gets completely damaged and dies, and at this point the pain may actually reduce. However, an infection will develop which causes the pain to be re-ignited. At this point, a root canal therapy will be required in order to save the tooth. This treatment can be carried out either by a dentist or by an endodontist who specializes in root canal.
Before conducting a root canal therapy, your doctor will go through your medical history and will also find out which medication you are currently taking. The dentist will first remove the cause of the pulp infection and will also get rid of the decay. He will then assess whether or not it will be possible to save the tooth. If the tooth can be saved, your dentist will administer a local anesthesia in order to numb the tooth with the tissues which surround it.
A thin rubber sheet is placed over the infected tooth and it is made to protrude through a hole in the sheet. This is to separate this tooth from the other teeth, thus keeping the bacteria from the mouth at bay during the procedure. A hole is drilled on the surface of the tooth in order to reach the pulp and root canal.
The dead and infected pulp tissue is scraped out of the tooth and the root canals are disinfected with antibacterial solution. The canals are then shaped and a material that resembles rubber is used to fill the canal spaces. The canals are then sealed to ensure that they do not get re-infected with bacteria.
For best results when visiting the dentist, try to go to the same person as much as possible. They will be able to keep up with your medical history and know how best to treat you. However, irrespective of that, simply make sure any dentist you visit has an idea of your medical history. To find a good, effective dentist in your area, visit Be Well Dental.