With handloom varieties and fresh designs, Uppada is ruling the world today. India has been considered as a precursor in the art of handy works. One of the solitary heritages of Indian textile industry is 'Uppada'.
Uppada handlooms are diaphanous fabrics of special looms, employed in the weaving of a handloom fabric, which are available in many colours, styles, distinctive patterns and unique designs, are woven using age-old techniques to produce very complex designs with ease. They has varying finesse as per the quality of the fabric and used in making handlooms, silk and cotton fabrics.
The fascination for handloom fabrics led to a revived interest in Uppada fabrics. The whole beauty of Uppada handlooms lies in its town Uppada. 'Uppada Handlooms' named after a small beach town Uppada in East Godavari district. Uppada is not only a famous tourist spot but also an opulent Silk city of Andhra Pradesh for its beautiful handloom textiles, weavings and unique designs.
The handlooms of Uppada have gained much importance today, not only for their unique weavings but also for their royal history. To understand the history of Uppada handlooms, one has to trace the journey of Jamdhani (as Uppada follows the ancient weaving techniques of Jamdhani). During Industrial revolutions (19th century) in England, Jamdhani has seen a slow resurgence in the 20th century. However, the technique of Jamdhani is still alive by means of Uppada, where it incorporated designs which were closely identified as like Jamdhani. This led to the rebirth of Jamdhani through Uppada handlooms. Originally, the traditional Jamdhani is a creative style of Bengal weaving technique. Later, in the year 1988, weavers of Uppada started incorporating these designs into Uppada handlooms.
The major equipment required in weaving Uppada handlooms are fabrics, peddle, trace paper, frames, pit looms, shuttles. Basically silk, cotton, pattu and combinations are used as base fabrics for Uppada sarees. Jamdhani follows two different techniques in weaving. DesigningJala In designing, the patterns or designs are drawn on to the trace paper according to the customer's requirement. Here, weaver either uses frames or pit looms based on design. The frame and the peddle of the loom are fixed at the ground level and the weaver starts weaving by hands and legs by sitting on the ground floor.
Jala is completely a different style of technique where two weavers with single loom will constantly works on by making warp and wafting, here the shuttle will be thrown out which is carrying weft. Based on designs either of the Jamdhani techniques are used. For making zari, kundans, stones, beads, mirror work brocades and cotton prints, Jala is the best technique.
Uppada handlooms are the most costly and richest fabrics with dignified patterns and brocade works. The motifs such as flowers, leafs, birds, animals, peacocks and other geometrical shapes are turned as beautiful designs in Uppada sari. Uppada handloom saris with beautiful brocade works are all time wears for the women of all age groups. The tendency of the fabric in order to drape very well makes it an apt choice for many women who love the traditional yet trendy look.
Akeera About the Author :a freelancer long associated with ethnic fabrics, known for her special leaning towards ethnic sarees. She enjoys the privilege of being a part-time consultant to Unnati Silks. She may be contacted on 040-64555251 or 97000 57744 between 9 A.M.and 3 P.M. E-mail her at firstname.lastname@example.org. http://www.unnatisilks.com/sarees-online/by-popular-variety-name-sarees/uppada-silk-sarees.html